Remember how Lucy pulled the football away from Charlie Brown each time he went to kick off, thus sabotaging the game? In Lucy’s mind, losing the championship was worth making her teammate look bad. This is a picture of passive-aggressive behavior, which is closely related to mind games, discussed in a previous post. These unhealthy social interactions are widespread in society, yet many people don’t recognize them in themselves or others.
What is Passive-Aggressive Behavior?
Passive-aggressiveness is a dysfunctional means of communicating anger or resentment through procrastination, sullenness, pouting, obstructing, feigned forgetfulness, and other ways that avoid direct confrontation. Passive aggressive people may be seething with hostility or bitterness, but they are masters at covering it with a smile. People who operate in this behavior refuse to be honest and open about their wants or their aggression, so they get what they want through manipulation and underhanded means, thus the passive nature of the aggression.
Passive-Aggressiveness is often difficult to recognize, but can be pinpointed in the disconnect between what people do and what they say.
Dr. Ross Campbell, author of How to Really Love Your Child, lists passive-aggressive behavior as the “worst option” of communicating anger, and explains that it is “more worrisome even than cursing, destroying property, or physical and verbal abuse.” It is covert, and therefore does not deal honestly and openly with the source of its anger. It works through many vehicles, including denial, back-handed compliments, revenge, sarcasm, stalling, and feigned surprise.
Here are a few examples of passive-aggressiveness:
- A co-worker whom you’ve helped through a lot of tough situations openly thanks/tags every other employee in your workplace on social media – except for you
- You’re invited to a get-together at an acquaintance’s house, but she gives you the wrong directions and you end up unfashionably late or miss it altogether
- A relation sends everyone in your immediate family a card on their birthday but omits you
- When you walk into the classroom, a guy purposefully places his legs or backpack on the chair you’d normally sit in, then removes them after you’ve chosen another seat
- You notice that some of your belongings are missing, and you’re reasonably sure it’s your roommate. When you ask her about it, she has no idea what you’re talking about. Later, you prove yourself right by finding your hairdryer in her gym bag. She says, “Oh, that. I forgot.”
- A friend routinely tells you, “You look tired” when she sees you. Or, right after you’ve hung out together, she sends you a text saying, “You seemed really distant and preoccupied. Is everything all right?”
- A fellow youth group member compliments you frequently, but spreads rumors behind your back
- You ask someone to help you with a project, and he says he will, but he never gets back to you about the details and is unreachable on his phone every time you try to contact him. The deadline comes and goes and when you express your frustration he says, “My aunt was in the hospital. And you’re mad at me for not helping you with your project?”
- You try to show someone how much their behavior has hurt you, and use an example from the past. When you do, she says, “That was years ago, and you still can’t let that go? How do you think it makes me feel when you won’t forgive me?”
Passive-Aggression is deadly to the person perpetuating it and to relationships because it is fundamentally dishonest. The individual operating in this may or may not always be conscious of his behavior, but the results are strained relationships and an emotional roller coaster for those around them.
The Psalmist said:
Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part you shall make me to know wisdom (Psalm 51:6)
The passive-aggressive seems himself as the perpetual victim, and will never accept personal responsibility for his actions. If you try to call him on it, he will inevitably put it back on you.
We’ll examine this behavioral pattern, some of its root causes, and how to deal with it, in more detail in a future post.
Is the Lord bringing to light any passive-aggressiveness in you that needs to be dealt with so that He can replace it with His integrity and His peace?